Can bisexual people be called gay?
The combination of letters stands for individual sexual and gender identities that sometimes fought together for emancipation and sometimes separately in the course of their historical training. Since the politicization of the gay movement at the beginning of the 1970s in Germany, homosexual men have described themselves as "gay", homosexual women - also politically organized since the 1970s, especially within the framework of the women's movement - as "lesbian". In the beginning, especially in the USA, many other identities fought under the label "Gay". However, their ways parted quickly and only came back together over time. The movement, which for a long time was dominated by gay and lesbian people, was supplemented by bisexual, transsexual, transgender and intersexual people. Although the individual concerns are often very different and common demands are sometimes difficult to formulate, the letter combination LGBTI refers to the idea of a solidarity movement for marginalized sexual and gender identities.
However, the individual identities are as diverse as the people who come together under them. The designations can serve as orientation and create identity. However, it is important to note that they are not rigid and fixed, but can expand and change with people.
The following terms represent an excerpt. A more detailed glossary on terms of sexual and gender diversity was created in the sub-project "University teaches diversity!" Developed.
Women who love and / or desire women describe themselves as lesbian. Lesbian is a self-description of one's own sexual orientation or identity. The term 'lesbian' has long been used in a derogatory way. In the meantime, however, many same-sex oriented women confidently use it as their own name. Some also use terms such as women-loving, homosexual, etc. Still others expressly do not want to be designated as lesbians, even if they love and / or desire women as women.
Men who love and / or desire men call themselves gay. It is a self-description of one's own sexual orientation or identity. The term 'gay' was and is still used in a derogatory way. Since the gay movement of the 1970s it has been used confidently by gay men as a self-term. Some also use terms such as man-loving, homosexual, gay, etc.
People who love and / or desire both women and men describe themselves as bisexual. It is a self-description of one's own sexual orientation or identity. Ambiguous desire calls into question the notion of a clear distinction between heterosexual and homosexual. Bisexuality is also viewed by some as a contradiction to the value of monogamy. Therefore, bisexual people can cause irritation and are exposed to prejudice from both heterosexual and homosexual sides.
trans is a Latin prefix and means "over", "to the other side". Trans serves as an umbrella term for all people who cannot, barely or ambiguously identify with their gender ascribed at birth. It includes transsexuals, transgender people, transvestites as well as all non-gender-conforming identities (e.g. Neutrois, Androgynous, Crossdressers). However, some people disapprove of any of the terms mentioned. They are women or men with bodies whose sexual development has made a mistake that they can correct through corrective action. Still others do not refer to themselves as trans, but simply as women or men, but do not want to take corrective measures: It is not the body that determines the gender of a person, but the person himself.
People are referred to as transsexual or describe themselves if their gender identity does not match their anatomical gender. Transsexual people often (but not always) take measures to physically match their gender (e.g. hormone therapy or gender reassignment surgery). As a rule, transsexual people are clearly assigned to men or women in terms of their own gender.
Often people describe themselves as transgender if their gender self-image does not, or does not entirely, find themselves in a bisexual image of society. The term can also refer to people who position themselves between the genders, or who do not assign themselves to any gender or who situationally and / or temporarily assign themselves to a gender. However, transgender is also often used consciously instead of "transsexuality", since the term linguistically does not relate to sexuality and, unlike "transsexual", has no medical background. The term transgender is much broader and does not necessarily mean that the gender of the identity and the anatomical gender are in contradiction to one another. For many people, the possibility of being able to live all aspects of gender identity in a self-determined manner is an expression of their personality. Transgender is one of the diverse gender identities and says nothing about a person's sexual orientation.
Intersexuality is an expression of the human body: there is also an immense variety in the combination of physical abilities. People call themselves intersex if their bodies cannot be assigned to the medical norm of “clearly male” or “clearly female”, but rather move in a spectrum in between due to various characteristics. The diversity in the combination of the different gender characteristics has meanwhile been recognized by the legislature. Since November 2013, the characteristic of gender has been left open if a child does not clearly have physical characteristics for male or female. Yet today there is still social pressure to bring about corrective action. Today, intersex children are therefore still often operated on to a (mostly female) gender. These operations can later lead to considerable health restrictions and psychological problems.
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