US politics is getting more extreme
The extreme right-wing riots in Charlottesville, Virginia, have caused horror. It is more obvious than ever that a culture war is raging in the US. A 20-year-old from Ohio drove his car into a group of counter-demonstrators in Charlottesville, killing a woman and injuring 19 other people.
Who are the Right? And what does US President Donald Trump have to do with them? Answers to the most important questions.
Who are America's right-wing extremists?
Various right-wing extremist groups met in Charlottesville to demonstrate together for what they call "White Supremacy". "Unite the Right" was the motto of their protests. Their racist ideology is based on the idea that whites have more power than people of other skin color. However, they are divided into different subgroups.
- The protest was organized by supporters of the Alt-right movement. The name stands for "alternative rights" and is basically a trivializing expression for the ultra-right political spectrum. The movement is organized in internet forums. In the meantime, many small groups have formed that call themselves "Proud Boys", for example. Some of them are hip and comparable to Europe's identities.
- White frocks, torches and lynchings: such images seem to come from times gone by. Has raged Ku Klux Klan especially in the first half of the 20th century. But it still exists today, and is said to have between 5,000 and 8,000 members.
- The Nazi salute and swastika are not banned in the United States. Are accordingly light Neo-Nazis to recognize. They idealize the Third Reich, propagate hatred of Jews and relativize the Holocaust. Their organizations and parties are called, for example, the "American Nazi Party" or the "National Alliance".
- The Neo-Confederates want to go back to the system in which society lived before the American Civil War. They see the southern states as victims of the north who forced them to abolish slavery. They are not only racist, but also homophobic and misogynist.
Who are their leaders and mouthpieces?
- The term Alt-Right is supposed to Richard Spencer have invented. The head of a nationalist think tank describes himself as an "Identitarian". He also ends his speeches with "Heil Trump! Heil Volk! Sieg Heil!".
- David Duke is a former leader of the Ku Klux Klan. He helped organize the demonstration in Charlottesville and raved: "This is a turning point for our people in this country. We are determined to take our country back. We will keep Donald Trump's promises. That's what we believe in. That is why we voted Donald Trump. Because he said he would give us our country back. "
- Has made a career as an internet troll Tim Gionet. Under the pseudonym "Baked Alaska" he incites against minorities online and portrays white men as the oppressed.
- "Chemicals in the water make the damn frogs gay!" One of the most quoted sentences by Alex Jones Sounds funny, but it is an example of the conspiracy theories that Jones propagated on his "Info Wars" show. He blames left-wing organizations and civil rights movements such as Black Lives Matter for the violence in Charlottesville.
- As an example of an ultra-right, but modern spokesman Milo Yiannopoulos. The author has played down the alt-right movement several times and expressed himself hostile to women. Because he played down child abuse, he had to do his job at the right-wing populist opinion platform Breitbart News leave.
- His boss and one of his early patrons was Steve Bannon. The former film producer has Breitbart News co-founded and headed from 2012 to 2016. During this time he developed the website into a "platform for the Alt-Right", so Bannon literally. He is now the chief strategist in the White House, making him one of the most important figures in President Trump's environment.
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