Why do Australians have accents
G’day mate! The basics of the Australian dialect
Australian English is mixed up and sounds completely different from British or American English; Last but not least, the influences of various immigrants and the indigenous peoples have created linguistic peculiarities that can be heard in Australia. In this article we will show you how these peculiarities show up and which basics have to be observed for the authentic Australian dialect.
Different country, different English: why Australian English sounds different
In addition to the variety of linguistic influences, the well-known casual attitude of the Australians also contributes to the characteristic “broad” wording. Many abbreviations and a pronunciation that often does not attach great importance to exactness are expressions of the Australian lifestyle.
Australian English: the basics of the dialect
So that you do not have any communication difficulties during your next visit to Australia, we present the basics of the "Aussie" dialect:
The Australian pronunciation is still strongly influenced by the Irish-born residents of the country, which is why it differs in many ways from the British Received Pronounciation (British standard accent). A similarity to New Zealand's English is also noticeable. The London Cockney dialect is also often seen as a model for Australian English. Never heard? Find out more about English dialects in our post.
So do you want the imitate Australian dialect, you should stick to these general tips: Speak lightly nasally and let the stress increase at the end of the sentence - similar to questions in German. You can also simplify some words by omitting certain sounds: For example, “good day” in Australian becomes “g’day” while “how’s that” is reduced to an even shorter “howzat”.
Diminutive (diminution of a noun)
Australians like to shorten their nouns by using diminutive and diminutive forms. The British “breakfast” becomes “brekkie” and the annoying “mosquito” becomes “mozzie”. This shortening of nouns reaches its climax in Australian English when only single sounds are left of words: “Excellent” becomes “ace” or “kangaroo” becomes “roo”.
With these words you can decipher the "Aussie" dialect:
- Mate: “Mate” is usually used to address friends, but it can also be used as a casual address to people who are still unknown.
- No worries: Often used as an answer, “no worries” often stands for “yes” or “you're welcome”.
- Bloody: This word has little to do with blood: it is rather an expression to emphasize something extreme. If a sandwich is particularly tasty, the Australian would say: "This sandwich is bloody delicious!"
- Sheila: Even if your acquaintance has a completely different first name, you shouldn't be surprised here: young women in general are often referred to as sheila in Australia.
Some Australian terms appear particularly "bonkers" in contrast to their British counterparts:
- British English: crazy | Australian English: bonkers
- British English: criminal | Australian English: bushranger
- British English: alcohol | Australian English: grog
Listening and Understanding: The Australian Dialect in Practice
Like many foreign dialects, Australian is sometimes difficult to understand, but it will be easy for anyone who has understood a few basic peculiarities of the vocabulary and the sound of the language. And if you should have difficulties communicating, take it with Australian nonchalance and ask: The Australians are considered very open and friendly and will certainly be happy to help you.
Now that you have a theoretical basis, you can put it into practice: watch these videos and discover the language of the "Aussies".
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