Is Albanian Caucasian

The emergence of the Caucasian alphabets as a cultural and historical phenomenon

The volume was created on the basis of selected contributions to an international symposium that was held at the Austrian Academy of Sciences in 2005 on the occasion of the 1600th anniversary of the creation of the Armenian alphabet in Vienna. In order to view this major cultural and historical event in a larger framework, the conception of the conference went further and not only included the two other South Caucasian alphabets, the Georgian and the Albanian, but also the Coptic and the conditions in the Iranian empire of those centuries. Some well-datable, relatively clear research results are often in stark contrast to rather legendary traditions that have not been adequately scientifically clarified for a long time. The fact that the blessed Maštoc ‘, who is called Mesrop in the later tradition, created the Armenian alphabet in 405/406 is beyond discussion. The Armenian tradition also ascribes the Maštoc ‘to the creation of the Albanian and the oldest Georgian alphabet. Until recently, there were only vague theories about the former; only after the deciphering and deciphering of the palimpsests discovered in the Katharinen Monastery on Sinai, to which a separate article in the volume is dedicated, are well-founded statements possible. A completely new approach to the Georgian alphabet is offered in one article (originated in the Syrian-Palestinian region, shortly after the creation of the Armenian alphabet). On the basis of these alphabets, a rich literature emerged, which quickly flourished, especially among the Armenians. Thus, the volume is not only aimed at specialists in the areas of the Caucasus, but also at all those interested in the development of Christian cultures in the late ancient and early medieval centuries.