How do you shrink a linen dress

Proper clothing care is not only a kind gesture to our wardrobe, but also to our wallet and the planet. Thanks to proper washing, drying and storage, clothes will serve us for a long time, with less consumption and, consequently, less pollution. What is the best way to take care of our clothes?

Most importantly, it should be noted that the way we care for our clothes has a greater impact on the environment than we think. Did you know that:


- 75% to 90% the one consumed by the washing machine energy are energy to heat the water? The lower the temperature, the lower the energy consumption!


- average 190 kg CO2 are released into the atmosphere every year by people who iron their clothes regularly?


Hence, our seemingly ordinary, everyday decisions have power. With that in mind, let's complete our knowledge of taking care of clothes and follow the tips that will help reduce pollution.


Laundry



Laundry at a glance:

  • Let's wash similar colors together - we minimize the risk of staining clothes!
  • wash at low temperature - this is not only more ecological, but also reduces the risk of the material shrinking and protects the material from loss of color and yellowing.
  • do not spin - spinning can run off water and clothes dry faster, but the fabric can be stretched.
  • do not wash in an overloaded washing machine - this can lead to material abrasion or uneven color loss.
  • let's wash it inside out - this is how we protect clothing from loss of color and abrasion.
  • We wash delicate clothes in laundry bags - this is how we protect them from abrasion and possible holes.
  • let usdo the washing up - It is very important that all detergents are well rinsed out of materials. Their remaining in the fibers reduces the quality of the material and causes it to harden.
  • let's do without the bleach and strong chemicals.

Manual or mechanical?

Hand washing without unnecessary rubbing is definitely recommended for Tencel and woolen clothing. It is also recommended that you hand wash our recycled tundra sweaters. Long-term soaking should be avoided with tencel and wool - lyocell fabrics can lose their color. Wool clothes are better to knead in a bowl than to rub. Linen also does not tolerate rubbing during hand washing. In addition, woolen and linen clothes must not be thrown. It is good to squeeze off the excess water with a cloth or towel.

If it is necessary to have the wool washed mechanically, the process should be very gentle and without spinning, preferably in a cotton laundry bag. It is also recommended to wash the tencel and fine cotton clothes in the bags. If we wash cotton, linen, viscose or tencel in the washing machine, we should choose a fine program with a gentle spin. Let's make sure the washing machine is only lightly loaded to minimize the number of wrinkles and the risk of damaging the fabric.

Clothes with prints should be washed inside out. This protects them from uneven paint loss and from possible rubbing on the drum, other items of clothing or metal elements such as zippers.

Together or not?

Definitely separate! Even viscose, although it does not show much color loss when washed, is better to wash with clothes that are similar in color. The intense colors of linen can wash off, cotton can lose its color when washed, but it can also easily absorb other dyes. Modal itself is resistant to washing and dyeing, but more often in combination with cotton - not necessarily; therefore, for safety reasons, it is recommended to wash it with similar colors.


temperature



Every piece of clothing will surely be grateful if we treat it as gently as possible. One of the few materials our clothes are made of that can be washed at high temperatures without fear, are linen and unadulterated modal. Unless otherwise stated on the label and linen is the main component of the fabric, it is recommended to wash it at 40-50 ° C. Linen is resistant to high temperatures, which means that the material can be sterilized. The temperature of 40–45 ° C also protects the fabric from loss of color. Other materials - cotton, wool, lyocell, modal with admixtures, viscose, clothes with prints should be washed at 30 ° C.

With colored cotton you can opt for a slightly higher washing temperature, but it should never exceed 40 ° C. White cotton clothing is best washed at 30 ° C, otherwise there is a risk of the fabric yellowing. If a white top has a stain, it is best to soak it with just water as soon as possible, hand wash the stained area, rub gently (not too hard so as not to pull the fibers out), and then place it in the Washing machine to wash.


It should be noted that Wool tolerates fluctuations in water temperature very poorly. Therefore, one should ensure a similar water temperature during the entire washing and rinsing process. Otherwise, the fibers may shrink.


dry




Clothes dryer

Drying well is important, especially with viscose, as mold can form on viscose that remains moist for a long time. Cotton, prints, viscose, wool and our tundra sweaters should not be tumble dried as this can cause the fabric to twist and stretch. Linen with a thick fabric and light colors can be tumble dried, but at a low temperature, and it is better to take it out immediately while it is still damp. Modal is very washable, so mechanical drying is possible. However, if you care about keeping your clothes in good condition, this method is not recommended. Better to hang clothes on a clothesline or dryer and let them evaporate on their own.

Sun

Most clothes don't like full sun as they could lose the color intensity. Sun should be avoided especially with cotton and printed clothing. Of course, light-colored linen can be dried in the sun. In addition, viscose is so susceptible to high temperatures that it is recommended that you keep it away from sources of heat, including a radiator, at all times.

On the clothesline or on a flat surface?

Line drying is best for cotton clothing. Before doing this, let's shake it off with a quick motion to restore the shape of the clothes. This minimizes wrinkles, smooths the fabric and makes ironing a lot easier. You can also hang light viscose and Tencel clothing such as T-shirts on the cord on the clothesline.

Most items of clothing, linen, large and heavy items of clothing made of viscose, tencel, and wool, however, are easier to dry lying on flat surfaces. In the case of linen, hanging on a rope does not affect the quality of the material, but creates creases that are difficult to iron. Drying on a surface will keep clothes from stretching and keep them in shape. It is also not recommended to hang clothes on a hanger to dry. This can lead to bulges in the material, especially in linen goods.


Iron


To protect the environment, we recommend that you refrain from ironing. In many cases, proper washing and drying will avoid it! However, when we need to iron our clothes, we follow a few rules:

  • Iron at low temperatures - Prevents fibers from burning and prints or additional elements from peeling.
  • Iron at high temperatures - allows the material to be sterilized and makes ironing easier. However, it can cause the fabric to shrink and burn the fibers.
  • Iron without steam - protects against possible detachment of elements and against shrinkage of the material under the influence of temperature differences at high humidity.

It is good, Tencel, viscose, prints and dark cotton and modal fabrics on the left and iron through a cloth. This prevents the material from fading.

Cotton clothes should be done with a suitable cotton program or with 150-180 ° Cwithout steam be ironed. The temperature of the iron should be Do not exceed 110 ° C for modal, tencel, viscose and tundra sweaters and 150 ° C for items of clothing with print.It is best to avoid using steam. The wool can be treated with steam, but very gently, to freshen it up.


Linen should again be ironed at a minimum temperature of 220 ° C
. It is difficult to iron. The fibers are hard, not very elastic and not easy to straighten. High temperatures not only help remove wrinkles, but also reduce the amount of bacteria and strengthen the antiseptic effect. To make it easier, you can iron clothes that are still damp.


Store hangers


Hanging in the closet is recommended for linen clothes and heavy outerwear. This helps to minimize the need for ironing! Cotton or viscose clothing with an admixture of cotton or wool can also be stored on hangers. It is important to use soft hangers with no sharp ends to prevent deformation of the material.

On a flat surface

Clothing made from 100% Tencel, Viscose, Modal, like other cellulose materials, should be stored on a flat surface because otherwise the material could stretch. It is important that the clothes are well dried to avoid possible mold growth. This is especially true for viscose and wool. It is also recommended that the cabinets be well ventilated. The free airflow is good for clothing.

Wool

It is not recommended to keep woolen clothes on hangers (with the exception of jackets and coats, i.e. clothing that has a clear support in the form of, for example, high-quality lining). Sweaters, pants, scarves should be kept on shelves. What is also important with wool - clothes made from it should rest after each use. Jackets and sweaters should not be worn every day. After use, it is best to hang the garment all day to ventilate it and allow the moisture to be removed.


Caring for the environment and taking care of our clothes can go side by side. Everything in our hands!

How can we best take care of our clothes?
- the cheat sheet


Swell:

https://www.treehugger.com/htgg/how-to-go-green-laundry.html

https://www.euronews.com/living/2019/07/14/eco-washing-your-way-to-a-cleaner-planet

https://www.csmonitor.com/Environment/Living-Green/2008/1002/heat-up-that-iron-a-guide-to-ecofriendly-clothing-care