How many satellites has Pakistan launched

Number of satellites in space by country in 2020

Published by Sarah Keller on February 15, 2021
Almost 3,400 satellites orbited the earth at the end of December 2020. At the specified time, the USA owned almost 1,900 of the artificial satellites in space. In second place was China with over 400 satellites. A satellite is an artificially created unmanned aerial vehicle that is launched into space by a rocket, where it moves in orbit. The global satellite industry is a particularly lucrative sector of space travel: sales from the manufacture, operation and maintenance of satellites grew continuously between 2008 and 2018.

Various uses

Although they are thousands of kilometers away in space, satellites have indirectly become an indispensable part of everyday life for most people: Satellite TV, navigation devices and weather forecasts would no longer work without satellites, among other things. Most of the satellites that were in space in 2019 were used for communication. Research satellites, for example, take photos of the height of the sea level or show the state of the vegetation.

Race for supremacy in space

In October 1957, the Soviet Union launched the Sputnik flying object, the world's first satellite into orbit. In the middle of the Cold War, the Soviet Union was able to demonstrate its leading role in space travel. The United States therefore founded the federal aerospace agency NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) in 1958 and eventually became the market leader in the international space industry. In 2016 alone, the US satellite industry had sales of around 110 billion US dollars. The fight for supremacy in space continues: India succeeded in shooting down a satellite in March 2018. In the eyes of the Indian Prime Minister, the country positioned itself alongside the USA, Russia and China as another major power in space.