Tropical people hate warm weather
Germany weather in summer 2020
A warm and regionally also very dry "rocking summer"
Offenbach, August 31, 2020 - The summer of 2020 was often changeable. At times stable weather conditions only brought midsummer warmth for a short time. It wasn't until August that midsummer turned to full speed. In tropical air, temperatures rose to 30 degrees Celsius (° C) and more over several days. Heavy rain thunderstorms erupted here and there, but in some places it remained very dry. The bottom line was that summer 2020 was too warm and a little too dry with balanced sunshine. This is what the German Weather Service (DWD) reports after initial evaluations of the results of its around 2,000 measuring stations.
In June and July "rocking summer" with fluctuating temperatures
At 18.2 ° C, the summer of 2020 was 1.9 degrees above the mean of the internationally valid reference period 1961 to 1990. Compared to the warmer reference period 1981 to 2010, the positive deviation was 1.1 degrees. In the months of June and July, stable midsummer phases were a rarity. Cool and warm weather phases alternated, so that the first summer months were more like a "rocking summer". Only in August did a heat wave lasting several days with temperatures of over 35 ° C lead to high to extreme heat loads across the country. The highest temperature in Germany was on August 9th. measured at 38.6 ° C in Trier-Petrisberg. The lowest early temperatures were recorded by the DWD at the beginning of June. On 1.6. The Oberharz station on Brocken-Stiege reported a fresh 0.5 ° C.
Heavy rain, floods, floods and regionally still very dry
With around 230 liters per square meter (l / m²) of precipitation in the nationwide mean, the summer of 2020 fell short of its target (239 l / m²) only slightly. Heavy rainfall with flooding and persistent drought were often close together. In some regions, such as the Uckermark, the Leipzig lowland bay, the Saarland and along the Rhine, 70 to 100 l / m² fell less than half of the typical rainfall there. At the same time, there were continuous rainfalls, such as at the beginning of August with up to 150 l / m² in 24 hours in Upper Bavaria, which also brought floods. A total of over 700 l / m² was measured in the Alps over the summer, ten times as much as in the dry regions of Germany.
Balanced sunshine balance
At around 675 hours, the duration of sunshine in summer exceeded its target of 614 hours by around 10 percent. The coastal regions recorded over 700 hours of sunshine. In the western low mountain ranges, however, the DWD only measured around 500 hours.
The weather in the federal states in summer 2020
(The long-term mean values of the internal reference period are in brackets)
Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg: In summer, the DWD stations in Schleswig-Holstein recorded an average temperature of 17.4 ° C (15.8 ° C) and 225 l / m² (222 l / m²) of precipitation. This made the northernmost state the coolest and wet region. In the Hanseatic city, at 18.3 ° C (16.5 ° C) and 195 l / m² (218 l / m²) it was clearly too warm and also too dry. The sun shone in both Hamburg (618 hours) and Schleswig-Holstein (645 hours) for around 710 hours. After Berlin, these were the regions with the second most sunshine.
Lower Saxony and Bremen: In Lower Saxony, warm 18.0 ° C (16.2 ° C), 205 l / m² (219 l / m²) of precipitation and 625 hours (583 hours) of sunshine were measured. Bremen reached 18.4 ° C (16.4 ° C), dry 185 l / m² (219 l / m²) and 665 hours of sunshine (589 hours).
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania: In the north-easternmost and comparatively cool federal state, the summer temperature was 17.9 ° C (16.3 ° C). In addition, around 200 l / m² (187 l / m²) of precipitation fell in the area. The sun shone 700 hours (676 hours).
Brandenburg and Berlin: In the summer of 2020, the federal capital was the warmest with a temperature of 20.0 ° C (17.7 ° C), a total rainfall of 135 l / m² (182 l / m²) and a good 710 hours (664 hours) of sunshine. driest and sunniest region in Germany. Brandenburg was the second warmest federal state with 19.3 ° C (17.3 ° C). 155 l / m² (177 l / m²) of rain and a good 695 hours of sunshine (662 hours) were recorded here.
Saxony-Anhalt: With a mean temperature of 19.0 ° C (16.9 ° C), Saxony-Anhalt was one of the warmer areas in summer 2020. With a good 690 hours of sunshine (610 hours), around 155 l / m² (174 l / m²) fell in summer. In Bottmersdorf / Klein Germersleben, southwest of Magdeburg, on 13.6. an enormous 133.4 l / m² recorded in 24 hours during severe thunderstorms. This is the highest daily precipitation in this state since measurements began. The lowest temperature in Germany was on 1.6. transmitted from the station Oberharz am Brocken-Stiege with 0.5 ° C.
Saxony: For the federal state of Saxony, the DWD calculated an average temperature of 18.7 ° C (16.5 ° C). In addition, there was a meager 210 l / m² (222 l / m²) rainfall. It remained particularly dry in the northern regions. The sun shone nationwide for a good 670 hours (609 hours).
Thuringia: Thuringia reported warm 18.1 ° C (15.8 ° C), as the second region with the lowest sunshine, 620 hours of sunshine (592 hours) and with 220 l / m² (210 l / m²) sufficient rainfall. Most of the precipitation was in the Thuringian Forest.
North Rhine-Westphalia: In the most populous federal state, the summer temperature was 18.3 ° C (16.3 ° C) and the duration of sunshine was a good 590 hours (554 hours). Thus, NRW was the federal state with the least sunshine. With 190 l / m² (240 l / m²) precipitation it remained clearly too dry.
Hesse: In Hesse, summer 2020 reached a temperature of 18.2 ° C (16.2 ° C) with a good 645 hours of sunshine (586 hours). With an areal precipitation of 170 l / m² (222 l / m²) it remained too dry. Heavy rain thunderstorms, especially in August, brought a slight relaxation of the drought in many places, even though precipitation was only sparse, especially in the direction of the Rhine.
Rhineland-Palatinate: In Rhineland-Palatinate, the summer of 2020 was too warm at 18.6 ° C (16.3 ° C) and, at a meager 150 l / m² (218 l / m²), far too dry across the region. The Mainz-Lerchenberg station recorded just under 75 l / m² in summer. The highest temperature in Germany was on August 9th. measured at 38.6 ° C in Trier-Petrisberg. The sun shone for 653 hours (595 hours).
Saarland: The smallest land area experienced the driest summer in the region since 1983 with a rainfall of 140 l / m² (226 l / m²). At a warm 18.7 ° C (16.7 ° C) the sun shone for around 680 hours (631 hours) ).
Baden-Württemberg: In the summer of 2020, the DWD determined a temperature of 18.1 ° C (16.2 ° C) for Baden-Württemberg. The surface precipitation reached too dry 255 l / m² (292 l / m²). The climatic precipitation balance is particularly negative in the Upper Rhine Plain. Nevertheless, Baden-Württemberg was the second wettest region in comparison. The sun shone for 710 hours (636 hours).
Bavaria: The Free State was the second coolest region in the summer of 2020 with an average temperature of 17.5 ° C (15.8 ° C). Heavy rainstorms and continuous precipitation led to a rainfall of around 350 l / m² (314 l / m²). This made Bavaria the federal state with the highest rainfall. In Upper Bavaria, 100 to 150 l / m² fell within 24 hours at the beginning of August. On August 3rd, Aschau-Innerkoy reported the highest daily precipitation with 152.4 l / m². In the Bavarian Alps, the DWD stations collected over 700 l / m² locally over the summer. Bavaria achieved 685 hours (623 hours) of sunshine.
All monthly values mentioned in this press release are preliminary values. The data used for the last day of the month is based on forecasts. Not all measurements of the DWD's station network were available by the time of going to press.
Note: The nationwide leaders in temperature, precipitation and sunshine duration can be found on the second day of the following month as "Topic of the day" at www.dwd.de. You will find a comprehensive climatological review and a preview from the 10th of the following month at www.dwd.de/klimastatus.
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