What is the purest form of Islam

Religious eating rituals in Islam

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 INTRODUCTION

2. WHAT SHOULD I DO BEFORE EATING?

3. HOW DO YOU CONDUCT WHILE EATING?

4. WHAT ARE THE RITUALS AFTER EATING?

5. OTHER RITUALS

6. CONCLUSION

literature

1 INTRODUCTION

The word "Islam" comes from Arabic. It is derived from the word "Salam", which translated in German means peace. Translated, Islam means: "Finding peace through devotion to God" and describes the religion that the Prophet Muhammad founded between 610 and 632 after the birth of Jesus. Muhammad's revelations are written down in the Koran, the holy book of Islam. The Koran is the word of Allah. Islam proclaims the purest form of monotheism. Allah is the only god. Islam is widespread in Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Libya, Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Jordan and many other countries.

We got our information from a book by Al-Ghazzali, which was translated into German by Hans Kindermann. The book is called "About the good morals of eating and drinking" and is something of an ancient etiquette. The customs dealt with by Ghazzali have hardly changed at all over the centuries and, which is actually very astonishing, are still the direction for every educated, pious Muslim today. Our etiquette, on the other hand, which dates from the second half of the 18th century, is actually quite out of date today.

Below we will focus on the particularly important eating rituals.

Food that is forbidden and allowed in Islam.

In Arabic, allowed means halal and forbidden haram.

Prohibited foods:

- pork and animal fat. The only reason Al-Ghazzali gives why Muslims do not eat pork is simply because God, that is, Allah, has forbidden it in the Quran. And as a Muslim one should submit to the will of God. And trust in the wisdom and omniscience of God. But we talked to several Muslims who gave us the impurity of pigs as another reason, i.e. pigs in particular have worms that are said to transmit diseases.
- Animals that have not been slaughtered according to Islamic law are also prohibited. According to Islamic law, slaughtering means that the animal must be slaughtered by a Muslim by pressing the animal on the ground and cutting its throat with a sharp knife so that the 3 main arteries are cut and the blood flows out freely. While cutting his throat he has to repeat the following words: “Bismillah Allah - u - Akbar
- Muslims are also not allowed to eat the meat of dead animals (which did not die in slaughter).
- Other prohibited foods are carnivorous animals
- alcohol
- reptiles and insects
- As well as blood

Allowed, so it is Halal

- Milk, of which, however, milk is mainly consumed by sheep and camels, and less by cows.
- honey
- Fish
- Fresh and naturally frozen vegetables
- As well as fresh and dried fruits
- legumes such as B. peanuts, cashews, hazelnuts or walnuts
- And grain: z. B. wheat, rice, rye, barley or oats

All rituals, which will now be described in more detail, will be strictly observed depending on the region. In large cities, for example, Muslims adhere less to the rituals.

2. WHAT SHOULD I DO BEFORE EATING?

Demons, devils and the evil eye

First some information about the demons, the devil and the evil eye, which play a very big role in Islam. Many rituals, most of them, are simply there to protect yourself from them. The demons are called Djinn. They are the real originator of the lower instincts such as B. envy, jealousy, greed, or anger. You rule people. The evil eye is the work of demons and the danger of the evil eye is of course greatest where one is exposed to many glances. The demons and the evil eye threaten human life every day.

There are 7 main points to keep in mind before eating

- The food must be permitted and purchased properly.

To be allowed means that she was, for example, ritually slaughtered according to the scriptures in the name of God.

To be flawlessly acquired means that one must not acquire it in a way that is reprehensible by law and not through covetousness or religious hypocrisy.

- Both hands should be washed with water, even if you are only allowed to eat with your right hand. This is not mainly about physical cleansing, but rather the ritual cleansing, which is supposed to protect against demonic influence. Water serves as protection against devils who cause disease.

Among other things, it is said that washing before a meal removes poverty and after eating it drives away mental disorders. But there is no uniform cleaning of washing before eating. Some wipe their dirty hands on their beards or on the tent wall. The Prophet wiped his face with the rest of the hand washing water after eating meat and bread. In isolated cases, the feet are also washed.

- One should put the food on a leather blanket, which is also called a sufra, which is laid on the ground. Sufra is a tanned round leather with rings or loops on the edge. After eating, it can be pulled together like a bag and hung on the camel's saddle or on a stake or nail in the tent. Sufra means low table, also travel food. This simple way of life is valued as self-humiliation or as a sign of humility or devotion to God. It is good decency to be humble. Eating from the table is also allowed and not forbidden as long as it does not give rise to arrogance and arrogance. The table makes eating more comfortable. Sufra's food is just more fashionable.
- The posture when sitting should be good and should be maintained. To be polite, put your feet under your torso so that it rests on your shins and place your hands on your thighs. Since this position is quite uncomfortable in the long run, one usually puts the right knee up while eating and rests with the body on the other foot. What is remarkable is the principle of taking up as little space as possible, and it is considered naughty to stretch your legs. Nor should the soles of your feet be pointed at other people.
- Eating should strengthen for the service of God the Blessed One, and one should not focus one's senses on the enjoyment and charm of food and should not eat until full. If you are full, you do not have enough strength and that makes it difficult to perform the religious exercises. In order not to eat enough, one has to suppress one's cravings, i.e. that one prefers frugality to excess. You should only eat when you are hungry, because hunger is something that must precede eating.
- One should be satisfied with what one finds in the way of food. That simply means that you shouldn't ask for more than you have and that you shouldn't expect any additional food to go with your bread.
- It is important or better that many participate in the meal. If only it's your own wife and children. There are four interesting sayings of the Prophet that underline this: “Gather yourselves together at your meal, this is a blessing for you!”, “The best food is that in which many participate”, “He who eats alone is nothing but a sinner "or" The devil is with the individual, but far with two "

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