What does it mean to be pluralistic


1) P. is a philosophical worldview that assumes that reality (recognizable by humans) cannot be described as a single whole, but rather consists of (unmanageable) many individual facts, things, ideas that are related to one another in very different ways Relationship stand or can be set. Diversity and the partial relationships between the parts are therefore the starting point and basic condition of human knowledge and action. (Ggt .: monism)

2) P. is a central model of modern democracies, whose political order and legitimacy are based expressly on the recognition and respect for the diverse individual opinions, convictions, interests, goals and hopes. No authority (political, religious, etc.) may be able to impose their convictions etc. on (all) others, d. H. to endanger the fundamental openness of pluralistic democracies. The basis of the political and social coexistence of progressive societies is therefore the pluralistic principle of diversity (not that of undemocratic simplicity).

3) P. denotes a) a political system (e.g. USA) in which the accumulation of political (including state) power is limited by the fact that wherever power arises, space for counterpower is present or is created; b) a political science approach that sees government action as the result of political competition and pressure from interest groups / interest groups on the government; c) a political system (e.g. in DEU) that allows open conflict between political, social and economic interests (associations, parties), but also the possibility of consensus and coalition between them, as an essential part of the formation of political will looks at.
See also:
Political order
Political system
Interest groups / interest groups

Source: Schubert, Klaus / Martina Klein: Das Politiklexikon. 7th, updated and exp. Edition Bonn: Dietz 2020. Licensed edition Bonn: Federal Agency for Civic Education.