What are computer skills

Computer skills in the curriculum vitae

How are IT skills indicated in the tabular curriculum vitae?

Author: Dipl.-Wirt.-Inf. Stephan Reins
Post updated: 28.06.2020

Computer skills have become indispensable in many professions. Basic skills in dealing with the PC and the Internet are often required. Frequently encountered knowledge in the résumé is dealing with common ones Office applicationssuch as Microsoft Excel, Word and PowerPoint or knowledge of word processing with OpenOffice.

By specifying skills in dealing with special software products (e.g. SAP ERP) or even programming languages, you stand out from the competition. Such unique selling points are very important when applying in the IT sector. You can confidently do without general computer skills there.

The general rule:
You should only state IT skills if they are important or required for the position you are aiming for. A craftsman who likes to program websites in his free time does not necessarily have to state that!

Which IT skills are mentioned and when?

Knowledge of the software or technology that is required in the job advertisement or that is used in the company must be taken into account. Hence everything that you hope will give you an advantage over the other applicants. The IT skills listed vary depending on which position you are applying for. As a graphic designer, image processing software (e.g. Adobe InDesign) is primarily important, while when applying as a software developer, programming languages ​​(Java, PHP, C #) and database knowledge (MySQL, Oracle) are more important. If you are applying, for example, as a material dispatcher or customer support officer in a company, knowledge of how to use the software used could be an advantage. In a company that does not use a merchandise management or customer relationship management system, it also makes no sense to refer to the relevant knowledge. Use the space more sensibly for other skills.

Where does IT knowledge actually go?

Computer skills are indicated in the curriculum vitae. A main category named “EDP skills”, “IT skills” or “computer skills” can be created there. The individual skills are given in this category as a list.

If you can only argue for your suitability with little knowledge or IT skills are not so important for the position, then the listing can also be made within another category, such as the category “special skills”.

However, if you have a lot of knowledge that is (or could be) important for the job, it may also be advisable to outsource this knowledge from the résumé to the third page. The third side is then to be understood as a competence profile.

How are IT skills indicated in the résumé?

As mentioned earlier, IT skills are usually listed in a separate section on the résumé. The respective skill should be named in as much detail as possible. In the case of software products, this includes the manufacturer, the program name and possibly even the version. So don't just write “Office”, but “Microsoft Office 2013”.

However, the mere listing of IT skills says nothing about your level of knowledge. Therefore, an assessment of your own level of knowledge should be carried out using Skill levels be rated. Unfortunately, there is no standardized rating scale for this. In addition, there is the problem that the competence levels are assigned more subjectively. The evaluations regularly differ between the company and the applicant. The position sought must also be taken into account when assessing skills. For a position in the secretariat, “very good knowledge of Microsoft Excel” should not be equated with “very good knowledge of Microsoft Excel” in the IT industry, where extensive Excel programming may be carried out. The scale of the individual categories or skill levels varies depending on the position, industry and company.

How do I rate my knowledge?

We recommend the following skill levels:

  • Basic knowledge
    You have a basic knowledge of the program if you regularly use the most important functions of a program and are able to solve simple tasks independently.
  • Good knowledge
    You use the program regularly with the usual functions.
  • Very good knowledge
    You have been working regularly with the program for years, have extensive knowledge and use almost the entire range of functions. For example, you only have a very good knowledge of Microsoft Excel if you are familiar with formulas, charts, macros, and VLOOKUP.

Knowledge below the basic level should not be mentioned.


Computer skills

good knowledge of programming with PHP

very good knowledge of programming with C #

Basic knowledge of the Oracle database

very good knowledge of image processing with Adobe Photoshop CS3

good knowledge of Microsoft Word, Excel and Powerpoint 2013

Alternatively, the use of grades conceivable. Analogous to the basic knowledge, everything that is below the school grade 3 should not be mentioned here either.


Computer skills

Programming with PHP (2)

Programming with C # (1)

Database Oracle (3)

Image processing with Adobe Photoshop CS3 (1)

Microsoft Word, Excel and Powerpoint 2013 (2)

Another variant of the classification is the evaluation based on the Frequency of use or application. Accordingly, the following levels of competence are conceivable: constant use - regular use - occasional use - basic knowledge. You can also go into detail about your experience, for example "daily programming with C # for more than 7 years„.

In order to avoid long lists and to promote readability, computer skills can also be used functionally grouped become.


Computer skills

MySQL (very good), Oracle (basic knowledge)

Adobe Photoshop CS3 (very good), Gimp 2.8 (good)

Word, Excel and Powerpoint (very good)

Possible further groupings:

  • Word processing
  • Office applications
  • Application programs
  • Operating systems
  • Databases
  • hardware
  • network

Look out for one realistic assessment of your skills and provide evidence of this if necessary Evidence and certificatessuch as the “European Computer Driving License” (ECDL for short). You may also be asked to sample work or carry out tests during an interview.

Tip to read on!
In the article Outline in the curriculum vitae, we have compiled a list of the most frequently used categories in the tabular curriculum vitae for you. You will also find numerous examples there.

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