Should the Philippines be a communist country
The most wanted man in the Philippines
He is the most wanted man in the Philippines: the founder of the Communist Party, José Maria Sison, has lived in exile in the Netherlands for over 30 years, but the mere mention of his name angered conservatives, rights and reactionaries of the Southeast Asian island state. Because Sison's vision of the socialist Philippines falls on fertile ground: Because one in four Filipinos still lives below the poverty line; three percent of the 100 million population owns the majority of the nation's wealth. Communist Party supporters can be found among the working class, university students, and remote villages inhabited by indigenous groups.
His most recent book, an interview volume by "nd" author Rainer Werning, who asked Sison about his life and the revolutionary struggle and which has been published in both English and German, has led to anti-communist demonstrations in the Philippines for months with Sison on posters when Satan is spurned. The US company Twitter has in the meantime even blocked the account of Foreign Minister Teodoro Locsin Jr. after he had called for the murder of "communists worthy of being shot." Even when he's not there, Sison is still able to move the people in his homeland.
In »A Life in Resistance. Conversations on Imperialism, Socialism and Liberation ”, Sison provides answers to the question of why the communist movement in the Philippines is still attractive to the people. This is not surprising, however, given the apparent systemic and structural, economic and political inequalities in society, and the ongoing failure of the politicians who protect the billionaire exploiters of the country's riches. Sison critically criticizes the neo-colonial governments of his home country, but also looks at the global changes and their effects on the Philippines, in particular the capitalist restoration in the former Soviet Union, the development of the People's Republic of China into a new-imperialist country and the decline of the global hegemony of the USA.
From Ferdinand Marcos to Rodrigo Duterte - seven presidents have so far failed to defeat the communists and to end their fight against the feudal system, including the corrupt, reactionary state. For 50 years, the Maoist New People's Army (NPA) has resisted large-scale military campaigns. A year ago, defense chief Delfin Lorenzana admitted that the communist rebellion is insurmountable and cannot be defeated. Nevertheless, he canceled the program that was supposed to enable peace talks with the NPA at the local level. The communist movement is anchored in rural areas as well as in many cities, and guerrilla zones exist in 71 of the country's 81 provinces.
The volume takes up topics, questions and analyzes known from Sison. At the same time, the interview format stimulates thought beyond the theoretical treatise. In the interviews, the now 81-year-old Sison also provides insights into his life that are surprising, such as how, as a nine-year-old altar boy, he wished to become a bishop.
Sison believes in the resurgence of the socialist idea. "Socialism is desired and is confirmed by the escalating forms of capitalist exploitation and oppression, the ongoing wars of aggression and the growing threat of nuclear war and global warming as a result of the wanton capitalist plundering of the world's natural resources." As old as the analysis may appear, it has lost none of its topicality.
Sison was once asked if he dreams of going back to the Philippines. At that time he replied: "I not only dream of it, not even in the sense that I imagine a better world that can emerge from the struggle of the people." Sison still plays an important role in the Communist Party: "I bet grapple with realities and do everything I can in the revolutionary struggle of the people. ”Like Lenin, Sison does not necessarily believe that the revolution will be successful in his lifetime. "But I am sure that the neoliberal policy of imperialist globalization, the wars of aggression and the intensified inter-imperialist contradictions are already creating the conditions for an unprecedented upswing in the revolutionary movements for national liberation, people's democracy and socialism." In the Philippines and elsewhere.
José Maria Sison, Rainer Werning. A life in the resistance: conversations about imperialism, socialism and liberation. Media group Neuer Weg. Cardboard / paperback, ISBN-13: 9783880215580, 272 pages
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