Raising children is free in Canada

The school system in Canada

The school in Canada - What you need to know

The Canadian school system includes both public and private schools, from kindergarten to university. The provinces are responsible for education. This means that there are differences in the educational system of the individual provinces. The standard of education in Canada is also very high compared to other western countries, as the Pisa study has only proven again.

In Canada, compulsory schooling begins at age 5. Then the children visit the "Kindergarden", which already takes place in the rooms of the elementary school. Most Kindergarden programs only last 2.5 hours a day, while from Grade 1 classes take place from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. The school year runs from September to June, with July and August being the holiday months.

Regulated school choice

In Canada there is no free choice of schools as every school has its own catchment area. Every child is entitled to a place in the school in the catchment area, but an application can be made to attend another school (cross boundary application). The success depends on the workload and other factors within the discretion of the "target school".

An exception are the private and denominational schools, which can be attended regardless of where you live. However, private schools often charge very high tuition fees and are therefore not suitable for everyone. The usual fees here in the Greater Vancouver area are $ 500- $ 1500 per month for private schools. Denominational schools are usually a bit cheaper, but they also charge school fees and, for example, you have to be a member of an appropriate church community.

English or French? Or both?

Early and Late French Immersion Programs are also offered in each province. So many schools also have a French branch in which exactly the same material is taught as in the English counterpart - but in French. Early French Immersion begins in Kindergarden, while Late French Immersion begins in the 6th grade. The rush to these programs is very high and the limited number of places is usually awarded by lottery. Here, too, there are corresponding catchment areas for French schools. As a rule, there are city maps on the websites of the corresponding school districts, in which the catchment areas of the schools are shown.

The importance of school to students

Since Canadian students spend a significant part of their day in school, many electives are offered in addition to the main courses. Drama, computer courses, arts, crafts, instrumental lessons, and outdoor ed are very popular with students. Sport is very important in Canada as in all of North America. Each school has its own sports teams who dress in the colors of the school. Volleyball, basketball, baseball, lacrosse and especially football are popular team games. The school's own band gives concerts several times a year and also creates a good atmosphere at sporting events.

Because many activities take place as part of school events, the Canadian student has a strong bond with their school. He is proud of his school and attends the home and away games of the high school school teams. On Saturdays, the various competitions bring parents, teachers and students together on the sports field. The school band and cheerleaders support the sports team with lively music, acrobatic demonstrations and shouts. The Canadian is not put off by the bad weather. It is not uncommon for fans to be armed with hot coffee in freezing temperatures and wrapped in thick blankets, sitting outside on the bare benches and cheering for their football team.

Most schools are very well equipped with computers. Our school district here in Richmond, BC is fully equipped with modern Mac computers.

Comparison Germany - Canada

The Canadian school system differs from the German one in essential points. For one thing, all schools are all-day schools. On the other hand, the Canadian school system is more "permeable" than the German one, since pupils are not forced into a secondary school, secondary school or grammar school career after the 4th grade.

From school to university

After completing the 12th grade, and after passing the provincial exams, the students receive their high school diploma. To be admitted to university, one must have attended high school advanced courses in English / French and science. Here in Canada, too, very good grades are a prerequisite for courses in law, medicine and engineering.

Further education at college or university is not free; there are tuition fees that vary by province and university. However, there are government programs (like the Registered Education Savings Plan - RESP). It enables families to start saving for their children's education at a young age.

What types of schools are there? Is school compulsory in Canada?

The Canadian school system includes both public and private schools, from kindergarten to university. The responsibility for education rests with the provinces, which means that there are differences in the educational system of the individual provinces. The standard of education in Canada is also very high compared to other Western countries, as the Pisa study recently demonstrated again.

The Compulsory schooling starts in Canada at age 5. Then the children visit the "Kindergarden", which already takes place in the rooms of the elementary school. Most Kindergarden programs only last 2.5 hours a day, while from Grade 1 classes take place from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. The school year runs from September to June, with July and August being the holiday months.

It should be noted here that - in contrast to Germany - the Homeschooling (teaching yourself at home), whereby various forms are recognized or permitted (e.g. in connection with a "distant school" or free). Details vary from province to province.

In Canada there is no free choice of schools as every school has its own catchment area. Every child is entitled to a place in the school in the catchment area, but an application can be made to attend another school (cross boundary application). The success depends on the workload and other factors within the discretion of the "target school".

The private and denominational schools which can be visited regardless of where you live. However, private schools often charge very high school fees and are therefore not suitable for everyone. The usual fees here in the greater Vancouver area are $ 1,000- $ 1,500 per month for private schools. Denominational schools are usually a little cheaper, but they also charge school fees and, for example, you have to be a member of a corresponding church congregation or you pay an extra charge.

In every province there will be too Early and Late French Immersion Programs offered. So many schools also have a French branch in which exactly the same material is taught as in the English counterpart, but in French. Early French Immersion begins in Kindergarden, while Late French Immersion begins in the 6th grade. The rush to these programs is very high and the limited number of places is usually awarded by lottery. Here, too, there are corresponding catchment areas for French schools. As a rule, there are city maps on the websites of the corresponding school districts in which the catchment areas of the schools are shown.

Since Canadian students spend a significant part of their day in school, there are many in addition to the main courses Electives offered. Drama, computer courses, arts, crafts, instrumental lessons, and outdoor education are very popular with students. Sport is very important in Canada as it is in all of North America. Each school has its own sports teams who dress in the colors of the school. Volleyball, basketball, baseball, lacrosse and especially football are popular team games. The school's own band gives concerts several times a year and also creates a good atmosphere at sporting events.

As many activities took place within the framework of School events Canadian students have strong ties to their schools. They are proud of their school and attend the home and away games of the high school school teams. On Saturdays, the various competitions bring parents, teachers and students together on the sports field. The school band and cheerleaders support the sports team with lively music, acrobatic demonstrations and shouts. The Canadian is not put off by the bad weather. It is not uncommon for the fans, equipped with hot coffee and wrapped in thick blankets, to sit outside on the bare benches and cheer for your football team in the autumn when the temperature is below zero.

Most schools are very well equipped with computers. Our school district here in Richmond, BC is fully equipped with modern Mac computers.

The Canadian school system differs from the German one in essential points. For one, all schools are All-day schools. On the other hand, the Canadian school system is more "permeable" than the German one, since pupils are not forced into a secondary school, secondary school or grammar school career after the 4th grade.

After completing the 12th grade, and after passing the provincial exams, students will receive their high school diploma. To be admitted to university, one must have attended high school English / French and science courses. Here in Canada, too, very good grades are a prerequisite for courses such as law, medicine and engineering.

Courses are also offered at high school that do not prepare for a later college or university visit, but for practical training comparable to teaching.

Perhaps one should add something about entry requirements into the school system Quebec: Only children whose parents have also attended the English schools in the Province of Quebec are allowed to enter the English schools in the Province. All immigrants must attend French schools if they cannot provide this proof. As far as I know, English schools from other Canadian provinces are not recognized.

The further education College or university is not free, there are tuition fees that vary by province and university. However, there are government programs (such as the Registered Education Savings Plan - RESP) that enable families to start saving for children's education at an early age.

Furthermore, there are a variety of scholarships to finance college or university studies, for which high school pupils and students can qualify through good grades, sporting success, but also excellent extracurricular work / volunteer work in the community. These grants are awarded by universities and colleges, but also by organizations (e.g. Red Cross), companies, foundations and private individuals. The students have to apply, sometimes with a simple form, sometimes with pages of essays and reference letters. Students can also take advantage of low-interest loans from the state and provinces to finance their education, i.e. tuition fees, board and lodging, school books, etc.

according to an article by H. Daiminger: