Where is pearl found in India

Pearls: beauties from the depths of the seas and rivers

Pearls - unique, natural treasures known to man for thousands of years. They are the only gemstones that are formed by living organisms. In antiquity they grew up numerous legends the shimmering gems, because their origin has long been uncertain.

Legends and myths about pearls

In India For example, it was believed that pearls were drops of dew that fell to the ground during a full moon and were caught by oysters. Even among the Greeks and Romans a similar legend was common. In China it was believed that pearls were formed from the spit of fighting dragons when they fell like rain on the earth. Therefore pearls have the ability to protect their wearer from fire. Black pearls, on the other hand, would be found in dragon heads and would be protected by their teeth. Therefore, it was believed that only someone who had killed a dragon could own a black pearl. Black pearls were also considered a symbol of wisdom.

In Japan it was believed that pearls came from the tears of mythical creatures. In Sri Lankan and Hebrew legends Adam and Eve play an essential role in their creation through pearls. It was believed that Eve cried white pearls and Adam black pearls when they were driven from Paradise. Myths and legends about pearls also exist in Polynesia, Persia and in Hindu countrieswhich suggests that pearls were widely known thousands of years ago.

Pearls through the centuries

Pearls were and still are very valuable. in the Roman Empire for example, a single pearl was worth fifteen regions. Cleopatra took advantage of this fact and bet with Mark Antony that she could prepare a festival that, in its opulence, could compete with the wealth of the entire country. After the feast, Mark Antony said it was great, but no better than any other feast he had attended. Cleopatra removed the pearl from her earring, crushed it and dissolved it in a goblet full of vinegar. She drank it up and Mark Antony had to admit his defeat. Pearls were much rarer and more valuable in the Roman Empire than in Egypt, and Cleopatra was able to use this fact to her advantage.

The fascination with the shimmering pearls remained in the middle Ages upright. in the Baroque a work of art shrouded in mystery was created with the name The girl with the pearl earringin which a certain, very famous pearl plays an important role. The painting by Johannes Vermeer is also called Mona Lisa of the North well-known and is of great importance to Dutch art.

Pearls were brought very early on strongly associated with romantic love. They should strengthen relationships, cement marriages, and bring protection, money, and happiness to their bearers. Black pearls are said to heal broken hearts and new Hope bring to.

Origin of pearls and their properties

It was not until the 18th century that it was discovered how pearls were actually created. A foreign body, such as a grain of sand, gets into the shell of an oyster or another species of mollusc and becomes with it Mother of pearl coated. This process is a protective reaction of the mollusc inside the mussel. Freshwater pearls are used in Freshwater pearl mussels (which are now endangered species due to water pollution) and River pearl mussels. In the sea they are mainly from Pearl oysters shaped. Flat pearls are also made from Abalons shaped, pink pearls are in Sea snails found.

So what is a pearl? A pearl is a form of calcium carbonate, mainly aragonite, with a small percentage of protein. That's why the The surface of the pearls is smooth and shimmering. According to the Moh's hardness scale, pearls are between 2.5 and 4.5. so you are relatively soft and easy to damage with a pointed object. Contact with acids and bases can also cause considerable damage to the surface of the pearl: they can lose their shine or the layers of mother-of-pearl can slowly dissolve.

Natural pearls are very rare and the demand has increased significantly over the years. 1893 the Japanese Mikomoto Kōkichi tried to create a pearl artificially by inserting a piece of mother-of-pearl into a shell. His reward was that very first cultured pearl and so began the breeding of pearl oysters and clams.

Breeding, farms and cultured pearls

Nowadays, pearls are grown on farms by inserting a so-called “nucleus” into the mussels, which is then covered with mother-of-pearl by the animals. Two methods are used for this process. The first method is a Fragment of another mussel or oyster shell used. It is covered with mother-of-pearl and after about a year it is inserted into another shell. So can too big pearls grown in cultures. This method will too seed method called.

The second method uses a different nucleus. In this case a pearl will that cut from the shell of another clam or oyster, used. This method is faster than that bead method, since the cultured pearl is only slightly larger than the nucleus. The mother-of-pearl layer is usually only 1 mm thick. Nevertheless, the quality these pearls as very high viewed. Various nucleus shapes are also used in Asia - such as small Buddha images.

Even if the cultivation methods could give the impression that the problem of the rarity of pearls could be solved - this is unfortunately not the case. Only a very small percentage of the cultured pearls achieve a suitable quality level for jewelry production. With Tahitian pearls, for example, only 5% of the pearls cultured can actually be processed.

Discover pearl jewelry that you will love

The idea that pearls are only for grandmother is long gone. On the contrary: women of all ages have pearls! And modern jewelry manufacturers create wonderful designs. In our collection you will find modern Pearl pendant, Earrings, Rings and bracelet, as well as the classic pearl necklacesthat have been a symbol of luxury and elegance for centuries.

And one more thing: pearls remain most beautiful when they are in contact with human skin. Pearls can absorb moisture from the skin and thus retain their velvety shine. So wear your pearls as often as you can - and they will return your love.

Types of pearls: freshwater and saltwater pearls

Natural pearls have become an extreme rarity these days, and accordingly, their prices are astronomical. For this reason, only cultured pearls are on the market today. Pearls can be divided into two categories: Freshwater pearls and Saltwater pearls. Freshwater pearls are usually cheaper because up to twenty pearls can be formed in one shell. They are white and usually a little more dull than saltwater pearls. A pearl luster, on the other hand, can only form up to two pearls at the same time. Saltwater pearls are in Tahiti-, Akoya and South pacific pearls divided. In some countries it is also valuable Cortez pearl available. Pearls with a flat side, similar to a cabochon-cut gemstone, are made Mabe pearls called.

The classic white, symmetrical pearl is the Akoya pearl. This pearl looks stunning in combination with Gold of every color and can be wonderfully combined with precious stones to create a unique look.

The dark green to black Pearls with their metallic sheen are Tahitian pearls. Tahitian pearls work best in contrast with white gold. Clear diamonds can wonderfully complement the mysterious sheen of these pearls.

The honey-colored South pacific pearls on the other hand scream to be combined with yellow gold to an impressive luxury piece of jewelry.

Also large, asymmetrical pearls, like Freshwater baroque pearls, are very popular. They work best as a center piece on an elegant chain. Each of these pearls is unique - you can see it for yourself in our studio.

Proper care: fragile beauty

The price a pearl is of size, shape (Symmetry), Color and shine dependent. In general it can be said: the thicker the layer of mother-of-pearl, the more beautiful the shine. But pearls with a very thin layer of mother-of-pearl are also brought onto the market. We can do this on the so-called "Blink" detect. If the quality is low, dark spots appear when turning a pearl - the nucleus shines through the thin layer of mother-of-pearl. Unfortunately, false pearls are also common. But these can be due to their synthetic surface and perfect symmetry easily recognized. It is said that a pearl should feel rough or sandy when rubbed against your teeth - but we do not think this method is sufficient to determine the authenticity of a pearl.

Pearls are very sensitive. Therefore, you should be more careful when wearing pearls than with gemstone jewelry. We recommend pearl jewelry first as the last step in your routine. Hairspray, cream, perfume, and other chemical substances can damage pearls. If you put your pearls down, you can clean with a damp towelbefore you get them back put in your jewelry box.

A pearl necklace or bracelet in the shower, bathtub, sauna or in steam bath wearing will definitely damage your pearls. The chain that holds the pearls together can be damaged or worn out. There may be gaps between the pearls that make the chain likely to break. Care should also be taken with rings and earrings, because the pearls can loosen from their setting. The contact with Acid or corrosive substances should as well be avoided. Vinegar, wine, or detergents could damage the pearl. Also the contact with sharp objects should be avoided.

Pearl necklaces or bracelets should always knotted and fixed (when pulling carefully, no gaps should be visible between the pearls. Knots between the individual pearls prevent mutual abrasion and should the chain break, the pearls remain fixed.

What You May Not Know About Pearls

Most pearls come these days from China. But also in Japan, Indonesia, Polynesia and Australia one finds large breeding farms. However, these pearls have a slight different coloring on, depending on the type of mussel or the type of breeding.

In the 15th and 16th centuries you didn't have to go far from the Czech Republic to find pearls. Back then it was flow Otava so clean that freshwater clams lived there and produced pearls. The pearls were so popular that one could in the 18th century a kennel in Horažďovice opened in a mill ditch. About 12,000 mussels were relocated from the Otava into the ditch. Every five to ten years they were carefully opened and the pearl harvest was different each time. The individual pearls differed considerably from one another in size and quality, but their beauty meant that they could certainly match theirs in price Rivals from the salt water keep up. A file from 1867 shows a yield of 130 small and 30 large pearls. But with the increasing pollution of the rivers, the mussels also disappeared and breeding was finally stopped after the Second World War.

And who had the unique honor of wearing real, natural pearls? Elizabeth Taylor wore a large pearl that lasted until the 16th century can be traced. The pearl was already worn by Maria Tudor and once belonged to Spanish, English and French kings. The pearl is teardrop-shaped and bears the name La Peregrina. Elizabeth Taylor had the pearl set in a necklace by Cartier. In 2011 the necklace was made for $ 11 million auctioned.