What is it like to be an NFL player
Not only is American football a lot of action, it's also a lot to do with tactics. How the game works, how it is structured and how you can get points is explained below.
AMERICAN FOOTBALL IN BRIEF
THE MOST IMPORTANT DIFFERENCE ...
... between football and other team sports is that in football, one team has firm possession of the ball before each play begins. The team with the right to attack, the OFFENSE, has four attempts to move the ball forward 10 yards. She tries to prevent the defending team, the DEFENSE, from doing this. If the offense manages this distance within the specified range, and this can also be the case in the first attempt, it receives four new attempts. If they fail, they change possession and with it the players on the field. In football, the players have specialized in playing either offense or defense. So it happens that a team often consists of 30 to 50 players, although there are always only 11 on the field.
In reality, however, the offense only has three “real” attempts. The fourth attempt is usually used for a kick. If the offense is close enough to the opponent's goal, it will attempt a FIELD GOAL in this situation, which will bring you three points. Otherwise, there is a PUNT, a release kick from the hand, in order to let the opponent start as far back as possible in his subsequent possession of the ball. The offense will rarely dare to pass or run in the 4th attempt, for example if the distance to be bridged is very small or it is well behind in the final phase.
CHANGE OF POSSESSION OF THE BALL
In addition to the punt and changing the right of attack after four unsuccessful attempts, there are two other possibilities for defense to gain possession of the ball: FUMBLE - an offense player loses the ball and a defense player conquers it and INTERCEPTION - a defense player intercepts a pass from the offense.
The pure playing time for a football game in Germany is 4x12 minutes with a 15-minute break at halftime. However, with many interruptions, the game can stretch to almost three hours. Here are the main situations in which the clock will stop until the start of the next turn:
• Ball carrier runs into the side
• Incomplete passport
The chain of meters is used to indicate the 10 yards that the offense must make in 4 attempts in order to maintain possession of the ball. The attempt indicator shows exactly where the ball is and which attempt the attacking team is on.
AFTER CHOOSING A PLACE
the game begins with a kickoff, kicking the ball as far as possible into the opponent's half of the game from your own 35-yard line. The team receiving the kickoff tries to carry the ball back as far as possible. Where the ball carrier is stopped, his team receives 4 attempts to bridge ten yards.
The team in possession of the ball now sends its offense onto the pitch, i.e. the attacking team. The offense basically consists of four different types of players. The offense line should be mentioned, these are players in the front row. You almost exclusively have block tasks, i.e. the regular hindering of the opponent by using your own body. The largest and most physically strong offense players usually play in the offense line. The receivers are located on the flanks of the offense line, and their most important task is to run free and catch passes. Speed and agility are the most important factors for them. Right behind the offense line is the quarterback, the team's playmaker. He should be a good athlete with a good understanding of the game, who can throw accurate passes and can also run with the ball himself. The latter, however, is primarily the task of the running backs, who stand behind the quarterback and usually have similar qualities to the receivers. However, since they come into contact with the defense more often, they should be built to be more stable.
In defense, the defense team, there are roughly three types of players. Right at the front, across from the Offense Line, is the Defense Line. Like their direct opponents, these players should above all be large and strong in order to be able to withstand the opposing blocks. Immediately behind the defense line are the linebackers who must have a certain body size and strength as well as speed in order to be able to pursue the opposing ball carrier and take over cover tasks. The third group of defense are the defense backs. They are responsible for covering the offense receivers for passes, but also have to be able to help out against runs. In terms of their body size, they are comparable to the receivers. How many players belong to which position group depends on the system that the respective team plays.
START OF THE GAME TURN
The play then begins after the teams have been set up on a specific command from the quarterback with the SNAP, the ball being passed backwards by the center, the middle player of the offense line. Before the snap, both teams are separated by an imaginary line that runs through the position of the ball and is called the Line of Scrimmage. If a team crosses this line before the start of the game, it will be penalized with 5 yards of space loss. After the snap, basically every player is allowed to move freely.
The offense has different ways of moving the ball forward. A basic distinction is made between running and passing moves. During a run, a player, usually a running back, carries the ball forward while his teammates try to block his path. For a pass, the quarterback generally runs back to throw the ball from a safe position. The offense line's job is to keep the oncoming defenders at bay while the receivers try to run free to catch a pass.
RUN OR PASS?
Whether a team relies more on running or passing depends heavily on the skills of the individual players. An outstanding running back in the team makes many runs advisable, while a quarterback with his strong arm makes passes useful. The strengths and weaknesses of the offense line must of course also be taken into account, as well as the qualities of the defense that you are facing. Basically, runs are less risky, but usually do not bring as much space gain as passes. With passes, on the other hand, you can do a lot of yards at once, but generally you don't get as consistently forward as with runs.
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